Internet - Definition
“Internet” refers to the global information system that:
- Is logically linked together by a globally unique address space based on the Internet Protocol (IP) or its subsequent extensions/follow-ons;
- Is able to support communications using the Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) suite or its subsequent extensions/follow-ons, and/or other IP-Compatible protocols; and
- Provides, uses or makes accessible, either publicly or privately, high level services layers on the communications and related infrastructure described herein.
Brief History of the Internet
- 1957 - USSR Launches Sputnik, the first artificial earth satellite. US shakes its fist at USSR and vows to never fall behind in Technology Race again.
- 1962 – RAND Corporation commissioned by the US Air Force to research how to build a network that would maintain command/control after a nuclear strike
- 1968 – ARPANET contract awarded to BBN, which selected a Honeywell minicomputer as the base on which they would build a switch.
- 1969 - First physical network constructed linking four nodes: UCLA, UCSB, UU, Stanford
- 1972 – First e-mail program
- 1973 - Development began on the protocol later to be called TCP/IP, which would allow diverse computer networks to interconnect and communicate with each other. (Connect Token Rings Networks to Ethernet, et cetera)
- 1974 – Vint Cerf and Bob Kahn coin the term “Internet” in a paper on Transmission Control Protocol.
- Atlantic packet Satellite network was born, linking US with Europe.
- DOD requires TCP/IP for use on ARPANET
- 1979 – USENET created
- 1981- CSNET created to link institutions to ARPANET
- Internet Activities Board (IAB) created
- Jan 1, 1983: NCP deprecated, every machine on ARPANET required to use TCP/IP
- Univ of Wisconsin created Domain Name System (DNS) which redirects packets sent to a domain name to a corresponding IP number
- 1984 – ARPANET divided into 2 Networks: MILNET and ARPANET -> MILNET for Military, ARPANET for research
- 1985 – T1 lines deployed
- 1988 – Traffic increasing so quickly, plans begin on upgrading network again
- T3 lines constructed
- Hypertext created
- 1995 $50 annual fee imposed on registered domains excluding .edu and .gov
- The Vatican goes online
- Browser wars between Netscape and Microsoft
- World Wide Web consortium tries to settle disputes between Netscape/Microsoft over HTML language differences
- First person to use the Internet: Charley Kline at UCLA sent the first packets on ARPANet as he tried to connect to Stanford on Oct 29, 1969. System crashed as he reached the ‘g’ in LOGIN.
- Al Gore said," During my service in the United States Congress, I took the initiative in creating the Internet." Al Gore was not yet in Congress in 1969 when ARPANET started or in 1974 when the term Internet first came into use. Gore was elected to Congress in 1976. In fairness, Bob Kahn and Vint Cerf acknowledge in a paper titled Al Gore and the Internet that Gore has probably done more than any other elected official to support the growth and development of the Internet from the 1970's to the present .
- Peter Deutsch, who developed Archie, always insisted that Archie was short for Archiver, and had nothing to do with the comic strip. He was disgusted when VERONICA and JUGHEAD appeared.
- Of the 22,500 English words, 96% of them are registered as domain names.
- About 2,000 pages added to the WWW every 5 min.
- Every written book/magazine/etc of all time is about equal to 1/5th of the information available on the Internet today.